2015: Top 10 Global Health Issues

May 21, 2015
Tagged with: 2015: Top 10 Global Health Issues

Many non-profit organizations across the globe are trying their best to work against many deadly diseases. At the beginning of 2014, global health community (GHC) was focused to fight against the diseases like family planning, HIV, maternal health, etc. At that time, no one had thought that, Ebola would take up the entire limelight, pushing others on the side.

Finally now, in the 2015, Global Health Community should think about other health issues across the world which came to the surface like the epidemic of Ebola. Now the way GHC will work in 2015, over different health issues is going to the affect the health of millions across the world.

Here are the top 10 predictions on how GHC will react to some major issues in the year 2015:

Mental health: AIDS, child mortality & maternal mortality are the much talked and discussed about issues around the world. There are others, which failed to get people’s attention like dementia, depression, substance abuse, post-traumatic stress disorder and some mental disorders which, affect the people from the low and high income countries.In the year 2014, a new change was seen when Ethiopia started to focus on mental health services. It took the first attempt by providing mental heath care services to the prisoners. With increasing issues like economic instability, civil unrest and trauma from the outbreak of Ebola, the need for mental health care services will increase. Therefore, there will be an increasing demand for psychiatrists and other health workers.

Cancer: The studies conducted on cancer suggest that the number of people dying from it is more in countries with low and middle income as compared to the total number of people dying from tuberculosis, malaria and HIV.When we talk about the year 2015, diseases like cancer which is non-communicable will not be getting much attention from the global health community, due to the swiftly spreading Ebola. We need to know that, though they will be pushed behind now, they will resurface one day and become a big issue for the health workers.

AIDS:  UN officials say that if proper action is not taken to eradicate AIDS, then there are chance that the disease is likely to bounce back in double numbers. Millions of HIV affected people around the world are unaware of the fact that they are having the disease. So, the chance of spreading disease through such people is too high. Steps are taken to make sure that 21 million deaths are averted in the coming 15 years.

Family Planning: With the increasing number of women and girls getting exposure and using different contraceptive methods, it has helped to control unwanted pregnancies to a large extend. The single step has helped to avert 77 million unwanted pregnancies. Senegal made a very progressive step by going for Informed Push Model, which helped to completely eradicate contraceptive stockouts at all the healthcare facilities. Discussions going on to apply the model to the larger crowd.

Technology: Technology can be used to bring about radical change in the heathcare industry. Things can be made easier if a mobile technology is adapted by a health worker. He can get connected with the people, give them the necessary information and can get training on various treatments and procedures on mobile, if there is no time to arrange a regular one. Information can be passed from different areas to health ministry and vice versa, when there is an epidemic. In the year 2015, this technology will help the health workers who are fighting against Ebola.

Better global surveillance of diseases: It has been seen that new 350 cases of polio have been reported from eight countries. Diseases like mumps and measles have also reached the surface. Now these are the kind of the diseases which can be eradicated by vaccination. Now with such news coming to the surface, the healthcare systems need to take necessary steps. For the same reason, it is necessary to have a global surveillance body, which can keep an eye on the health care systems around the world with proper laws.

War conditions: When we look around the world, there is a civil unrest going on in different parts. This has led to disrupted living conditions of the people. The conditions are still not good in Gaza, Syria,  Central African Republic, South Sudan, Ukraine and Nigeria. When we talk about Syria, many healthcare centers and hospitals have been attacked during the war. It has been estimated that 578 health workers were killed during the attacks. In 2015, global organizations will try to resolve the issues and protect the health workers.

Ebola: When we look behind in the 2014, 8,000 people, including health workers were killed by the deadly disease called Ebola. Things have not settled and there are chances that Africa will still have a hard time struggling against the disease in the year 2015. With many other issues to handle, Ebola has made the situation worse. This has now brought about an immediate need for more social and health workers in Africa. The fasting spreading disease has made the GHC to take the issue seriously and invest more in creating a better health system.

Goals for health care: 2015 is the target year for the Millenium Development Goals, which was marked 25 years back. This project was started to improve the health conditions across the world. This will help to achieve the target of universal health and bring all the communities nearer to work together.

Health systems and people: When we talk about various health systems, things are managed at the root level by people. 500 health workers were killed in Africa due to the Ebola outbreak, which itself states the need for more health workers in the field. When we talk about health system it needs people like technologists, Pharma Wholesaler, finance experts, clinicians, etc. The GHC will have to think about these people as they are the driving force to make global health care a success.Now it has to be seen that how GHC is going to address all these issues in the year 2015.

Author: Alice Mason