Tagged with: ADA service animals unusual
The public long has become accustomed to guide dogs for those with visual impairments, first used in 1929. But when the use of dogs for other types of help — such as alerting people with hearing impairments to sounds, pulling wheelchairs and helping with mobility issues — became common after enactment of the 1990 Americans with Disabilities Act, controversy over access came with it.
The controversy intensified as other species entered the service-animal ring, and as “emotional-support animals,” those designated to help someone suffering from some form of psychiatric disability, have become common. Courts and human-rights commissions from East Coast to West Coast have dealt with access complaints pertaining to a service iguana, ferrets, a duck, goats and miniature horses, to name a few. The Americans with Disabilities Act provides a guideline that leaves open a circus of interpretations. Here we highlight some of the most unusual types of service animals used to assist people with disabilities in a variety of ways.
You don’t often hear about ferrets in the news. Even rarer yet is a story about ferrets helping those with disabilities. Ferrets are typically used as service animals to help alert their owners of the onset of a seizure. The ADA defines a service animal as “any guide dog, signal dog, or other animal individually trained to provide assistance to an individual with a disability. If they meet this definition, animals are considered service animals under the ADA regardless of whether they have been licensed or certified by a state or local government.”
Daniel Greene says his almost 5-foot boa constrictor is a service snake. The reptile, who rides around town on Greene’s neck, helps alert the 46-year-old Washington man to impending seizures by squeezing him more tightly when he’s about to have one, Greene tells the Seattle Times. This gives him time to take his anti-seizure medication or look for a safer place to have a seizure, if he can’t prevent it. These snakes are also said to help patients with other disorders such as Bipolar Disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder and Panic Disorder.
Jim Eggers, who suffers from Bipolar Disorder, accidentally discovered that his parrot can help him calm down and avoid destructive behavior. Sensing that her owner is on the verge of a psychotic episode, Sadie talks him down with, “It’s OK, Jim. Calm down, Jim. You’re all right, Jim. I’m here, Jim.” He carries her around at all times in a backpack carefully fitted to hold her cage.
You’ve heard of seeing-eye dogs, right? How about a horse? Miniature horses are being used as guides for those with visual impairments, help animals for the mobility impaired, and therapy animals in nursing homes, hospitals, and children’s centers. Ann Edie, who has a visual impairment uses a guide miniature horse named Panda. Edie isn’t the only person who uses a guide horse instead of a dog — there’s actually a Guide Horse Foundation that’s been around nearly a decade. The obvious question is, Why? In fact, Edie says, there are many reasons: miniature horses are mild-mannered, trainable and less threatening than large dogs. They’re naturally cautious and have exceptional vision, with eyes set far apart for nearly 360-degree range. Plus, they’re herd animals, so they instinctively synchronize their movements with others. But the biggest reason is age: miniature horses can live and work for more than 30 years. In that time, a person needing a service animal typically goes through five to seven guide dogs. That can be draining both emotionally and economically, because each one can cost up to $60,000 to breed, train and place in a home.
Pigs, pot-bellied pigs in particular, can be trained to perform many of the functions that an assistance dog would. They can perform tasks for their owners that the individual may have difficulty doing.
Capuchin monkeys are trained to assist with grasping of items and performing manual tasks such as opening door, fetching items and the like. Read more about Capuchin Monkeys as service animals here.
Service animals are an important part in the lives of many individuals and they serve as both assistants and companions. Guidelines as to what exactly is considered a service animal is very open to interpretation, therefore guidelines as far as access to public areas seems to become confusing. To read more about the ADA, service animals and access see here.